Special Collection

Special Collection: For Creating a Coordinated Community Response to Domestic Violence

Coordinated Community Response (CCR) Teams are criminal justice initiatives primarily led by advocates, prioritizing the safety of survivors of domestic and intimate partner violence and the accountability of offenders. The focus is on policy, procedure, and protocols of court systems, law enforcement, probation departments, and batterers/offenders’ re-education programs in coordination with advocacy programs. Some CCR Teams include healthcare and social service programs within their response and focus on response to survivors, however, batterer /offender accountability falls within the criminal justice system. CCR is about systems change which is an important part of advocacy and is integral to survivor safety. Survivor safety is dependent upon batterers’/offenders’ violence being stopped, there being consequences for batterers/offenders’ actions and the system(s) holding them responsible for their actions. Within Indian Country, CCR is part of social change when programming and responses are built upon Indigenous values and lifeways.

This Special Collection of resources include articles, briefs, booklets, manuals, and webinars. Although much of these resources are original works created years ago, they continue to reflect the heart, intent, and knowledge of grassroots advocates, survivors, and allies today. Attention to CCR Teams and initiatives has waned over the years for a number of reasons. They differ from community to community but are essentially a result of changing grant focuses and the redefining of the role of advocates as service providers by those outside the field.

It is intended for this Collection to be a starting place to support and motivate a renewed focus on CCR Team development, providing information, frameworks, and guidance on this type of consequential initiative.

Who is this Collection For?
This Collection is primarily provided for domestic violence and sexual assault advocates and program directors. Personnel within criminal justice systems (including clerks and support staff), probation departments, batterer/offender re-education programs and law enforcement (including dispatchers and jailers), and others facilitating system change work are also invited to explore this Collection.

1. A Tribal Coordinated Community Response to Stop Violence Against Native Women Manual - Cangleska Inc.pdf
This 57-page manual describes the development of Cangleska, Inc. as a reservation-based, survivor centered, Indigenous organization from its establishment through all the elements and challenges of developing and leading a unique, comprehensive coordinated community response. Easy to read, speaking directly to issues tribal domestic violence programs confront.

2. Coordinated Community Response- NIWRC
This is page document briefly outlines the definition of CCR, leadership, key members, organizational roles, and essential elements.

3. Coordinated Community Response Graphic- NIWRC
A one-page graphic of the key organizations and the relationships in a CCR Team.

4. Coordinated Community Response- Essential Elements handout
A Sacred Circle-Domestic Abuse Intervention Project a one-page summary of the significant aspects of a CCR.

5. Challenges Of Building a Coordinated Community Response- Zorza & Orloff
Excerpt from the book Family Violence: Building a Coordinated Response, this article discusses a range of issues involved in creating a CCR, i.e., beliefs about family violence, professional barriers, ethics, differing philosophical approaches, turf issues, differing goals, and blaming.

6. A Coordinated Community Response to Domestic Violence- E. Pence Praxis International
This article describes the "Duluth Model" of criminal justice intervention in domestic violence cases, outlining the eight essential steps within the intervention. This model prioritizes victim safety and utilizes the experiences and voices of survivors in the development of this initiative.

7. Developing a Tribal CCR Team webinar slides- Fox Valley
This is the power point of a presentation by Bonnie Clairmont and Kelly Stoner from the Tribal Law & Policy Institute about the need, challenges, and policy, and protocols involved in the development and implementation of a CCR initiative. Confidentiality and privacy issues are also addressed.

8. Developing a Tribal CCR Team webinar transcript- Fox Valley
Transcript from the webinar. The slides are provided in #8 of this Special Collection.

9. Make the Call – A Toolkit for Advocacy Programs to Implement Advocacy-Initiated Response to Domestic Violence
From Praxis International, this Make the Call Toolkit offers a free, on-demand resource for advocacy programs to explore, adapt, and implement the AIR model to connect victims of battering with community-based advocacy as soon as possible after law enforcement has responded to a domestic violence 911 call. Use it to learn about the model and consider key questions for advocacy programs exploring whether and how to implement AIR.

10. Organizing a Coordinated Community Response- Mending the Sacred Hoop (MSH)
This brochure discusses training and education needs, trends, community specific responses and relationships, creating shared philosophy, and achieving shared outcomes.

11. COLLECTIVE POWER/ A Practical Blueprint for Sexual Assault Programs to Create Community Partnerships- VALOR
This blueprint, from VALOR, provides a non-prescriptive roadmap to how we can build collaborative relationships with community partners within and outside the anti-sexual violence movement. It identifies best practices, models, and resources for creating, encouraging, and preserving community collaborations both in conventional and innovative ways, hence strengthening the capacity of our sexual assault programs and bridging the gaps with other social service organizations and institutions.

12. Advocacy Challenges Protecting Confidentiality While Promoting Coordination– Battered Women’s Justice Project (BWJP)
This 10-page booklet by the BWJP examines the need for confidentiality and the need for collaboration – that a conflict exists for advocates. It addresses the following questions:
● How does an advocacy program balance these two seemingly competing interests?
● How does an advocacy program remain an effective partner within a CCR while still protecting the confidentiality of the battered women it serves?

13. Overview-Batterers Re-education Programs- NIWRC 2020
Part of the NIWRC Advocacy curriculum, this 2-page article speaks about culturally based re-education programs that examine the offender’s use of power and control tactics, focuses on personal accountability and unnatural beliefs about women, gender roles, etc. from a cultural perspective.

14. Batterers Re-Ed Program Guidebook- MSH
This is an 88-page guidebook for developing intervention and education programs for men who batter in Native communities. It was developed from information that was gathered at three working groups that MSH convened. The Guidebook considers the batterers intervention program as an integral partner within a CCR, examines the purpose of BIP’s, and provides steps to development and implementation, including policy procedures and basic forms.

15. Accountability is a Requirement for Safety and Change webinar- NIWRC
This webinar was initially developed and presented by NIWRC at the request of the Southwest Indian Women’s Coalition. It considers questions key to making survivors of intimate partner violence safe:
● What is accountability?
● What about from the perspective of survivors?
● Who are the offenders?
● Who has responsibility for holding offenders accountable?
● What do comprehensive, culturally based offender accountability programs look like?
● What are the resources needed to create a system that holds offenders accountable, and also supports change for them to become respectful relatives?

16. System's Advocacy in a CCR webinar- MSH
This webinar was presented at the 2021 Women Are Sacred conference by Tina Olson and Katherine Eagle, Mending the Sacred Hoop. It explores existing practices and relationships in organizing in a coordinated community response to end violence against women. Discussion examines key questions:
● What are the strengths and lessons learned from advocacy?
● What do successful systems change strategies look like?
● Where is our movement going?
● Who is the leadership? What is our model for leadership?

17. Systems Advocacy: - Creating Safe, Respectful & Effective Responses- NIWRC
Discusses systems advocacy to ensure women will receive consistent, effective, and easily accessible responses and resources in a respectful and safe manner from every agency, organization, and institution. Highlights the experiences and voices of women who are battered and/or raped to inform all parts of advocacy, including systems advocacy, and that relationships are integral to ending violence in every aspect of advocacy and social change.

18. Partnering for Justice - Advocates Role and Law Enforcement webinar- TLPI & NIWRC
This webinar, presented by Bonnie Clairmont, focuses on basic best practices for advocates and domestic violence programs working with Tribal law enforcement in Indian Country. Building knowledge and networking within these systems are essential to increasing the safety of Native women and their children and other relatives experiencing intimate partner violence. This webinar also provides steppingstones and basic foundations to working with relatives who are navigating through law enforcement systems in our communities and how we as advocates can help.

19. Tracking & Monitoring -Building a CCR in Tribal Communities manual- MSH
This manual addresses building a Coordinated Community Response in a framework for general use, suggesting ways to customize this practice to suit the needs of diverse communities. Each process is thoroughly explained and examples of programs that have created innovative strategies to suit the dynamics of their community are provided. This manual also functions as a resource for revisiting your current coordinated community response to accommodate changes in personnel and institutions, in the community, and resources. Sustaining an effective CCR includes examination, reflection, and evaluation. Program re-evaluation and review help communities achieve the end goal of batterer accountability and woman/survivor safety.