The Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) was enacted in 1984 and established the Crime Victims Fund (CVF or Fund). The CVF is unique in that it is funded only through the collection of criminal fines, forfeited appearance bonds, penalties, and assessments. These dollars derive from offenders convicted of federal crimes and resulting fines and penalties; not taxpayers. While Congress does not appropriate funds for VOCA it does determine how much can be released or distributed each year from the CVF. The 2013 balance of the CVF was over $13 billion.